As part of the submission process, authors are required to follow all of these guidelines. Submissions that do not adhere to the guidelines may be returned to authors. When writing your article, make sure your paper follows the latest Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style.
Manuscripts for Research Articles
Please follow this checklist when submitting a finished manuscript for Fafnir.
- Your submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
- When writing your article, make sure your paper follows the latest Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style. Please refer to further instructions on format below.
- Your manuscripts should be between 20,000 and 40,000 characters in length (including spaces).
- Note that as Fafnir is designed to be of interest to readers with varying backgrounds, essays and other texts should be as accessibly written as possible.
- Your text should be ordered as follows: title, abstract (max. 1500 characters with spaces), 3-6 suggested keywords, text, acknowledgements, notes, and works cited.
- The main language of the journal is English, but articles are also published in Finnish or in the Scandinavian languages. Please note that if English is not your first language, you should have your text reviewed or edited by an English language editor before submitting it for Fafnir.
- The author name should be omitted from the manuscript for peer review. Also, please delete all personal information and identifying metadata from the file (such as the name of the author) before submission. This way, we can ensure a blind peer review.
- Fafnir prefers files to be submitted in DOC or in RTF format.
- Send your submission to submissions(at)finfar.org as an email attachment. Please introduce the attached submission briefly in the accompanying email.
- All submissions should include a brief biographical statement about the author. This statement should include the author’s current institutional affiliations and contact information.
Contributions to Fafnir are first scanned by the editors-in-chief to ensure that the content is appropriate for the journal. If it is not, it is rejected. All papers are then read by two peer reviewers. Most manuscripts will require revision before acceptance.
Reviewers, who are all scholars in science fiction and fantasy research and related fields, are asked to examine the manuscript for appropriateness of theoretical application, thoroughness of scholarship and importance of subject to scholarship in the area. In addition to this, comments are solicited from the reviewer that will help the author to improve the manuscript during revision.
Please be prepared to revise your article manuscript after the peer-view process.
Book Reviews, Essays, Overviews and Other Texts
You can propose a book review for the editors-in-chief and discuss with them whether you should order the book from the published yourself or could the editors send it to you.
Fafnir welcomes book reviews on current science fiction and fantasy research and PhD dissertations. Book reviews should be between 3,000 and 7,000 characters in length (including spaces). Longer reviews, e.g. dealing with more than one book, should be agreed upon with the editors.
In addition to book reviews, Fafnir publishes essays, overviews, interviews and other texts such as conference reports. Their length should be agreed upon with the editors.
Further Instructions on Format
Fafnir follows the latest Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style. Instructions for the most common cases of formatting are given below. For more detailed information, please refer to MLA’s latest Handbook, or see e.g. Purdue OWL MLA Formatting Guide.
- Manuscripts should be double-spaced with one-inch margins and with left-margin justification only. Use a legible font (e.g. Times New Roman). The font size should be 12 pt. Use the same font and font size in both text body and headings.
- Documents should not contain any automated formatting. Do not use automated lists. No function of “Track Changes” should be in use.
- Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. It is recommended that you use the Tab key as opposed to pushing the Space Bar five times.
- Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
- Use italics throughout your text for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis. Do not bold or underline the text.
- Notes should be used sparingly to expand upon ideas developed in the text. Citations must be in endnotes (not footnotes). Include the notes on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Entitle the section Notes.
- Do not make a title page for your paper.
- All quotes should be in the same language as the rest of your article.
- If you are writing in English, your manuscript can be either in British or American English, as long as it adheres to the chosen variant throughout the text.
- Use section headings to improve readability of longer texts (e.g. research articles). It is recommended that when you divide a text into sections that you number those sections with an arabic number and a period followed by a space and the section name.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author’s name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:
According to Attebery, gender had become “an integral part of the genre’s intellectual and aesthetic structure” (10).
Gender had become “an integral part of the genre’s intellectual and aesthetic structure” (Attebery 10)
Attebery discusses the genre’s intellectual and aesthetic structure from the viewpoint of gender (10).
To indicate short quotations (fewer than four typed lines) in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks. Provide the author and specific page citation in the text, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page.
Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.
For quotations that are more than four lines of text, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented one inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Only indent the first line of the quotation by an additional quarter inch if you are citing multiple paragraphs. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. (You should maintain double-spacing throughout your text.)
If you add a word or words in a quotation, you should put brackets around the words to indicate that they are not part of the original text.
If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipsis marks, which are three periods ( . . . ) preceded and followed by a space.
N.B. Please do not use any automated formatting for the notes!
We discourage extensive use of explanatory or digressive notes. Endnotes should be used sparingly to expand upon ideas developed in the text.
Endnotes are indicated in-text by superscript arabic numbers after the punctuation of the phrase or clause to which the note refers.
All notes should be listed on a separate page entitled Notes. The Notes page should appear before the Works Cited page.
The notes themselves should be listed by consecutive arabic numbers that correspond to the notation in the text. Notes are double-spaced. Place a period and a space after each endnote number. Provide the appropriate note after the space.
Works Cited Page
Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your paper.
The author’s name or a book with a single author’s name appears in last name, first name format. The basic form for a book citation is: Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. Please do not include place of publishing or medium of publication.
McHale, Brian. Constructing Postmodernism. Routledge, 1992.
If you are citing an article in a journal, the basic format is as follows: Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages.
Jones, Sara Gwenllian. “The Sex Lives of Cult Television Characters.” Screen 43.1 (2002): 79–90.
If there are more than one author, the first given name appears in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in first name last name format.
Varela, Fransisco J., Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch. The Embodied Mind. Cognitive Science and Human Experience. Harvard University Press, 1991.
If there are more than one book or article by the same author, list works alphabetically by title. (Remember to ignore articles like A, An, and The.) Provide the author’s name in last name, first name format for the first entry only. For each subsequent entry by the same author, use three hyphens and a period.
Asimov, Isaac. The Caves of Steel. Bantam, 1991.
– – -. Foundation. Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
Works may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. The basic form is for this sort of citation is as follows: Lastname, First name. “Title of Essay.” Title of Collection. Ed. Editor’s Name(s). Publisher, Year. Page range of entry.
Turk, Tisha. “Metalepsis in Fan Vids and Fanfiction.” Metalepsis in Popular Culture. Ed. Karin Kukkonen and Sonja Klimek. Walter de Gruyter, 2011. 87–107.
If you are citing electronic sources, list the medium as Web. The use of URLs is not longer required. Below are few of the most common cases of citing electronic sources; for more detailed instructions, see MLA’s latest Handbook.
If you are citing an entire web site, remember to use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given. The format is as follows: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Date of access.
The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008. Web. 23 Apr. 2008. Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. 10 May 2006.
If you are citing an article in a web magazine, provide the author name, article name in quotation marks, title of the Web magazine in italics, publisher name, publication date, and the date of access.
Hibbert, James. “Firefly Comic-con panel live blog: Joss Whedon tears up, reveals how series would have ended”. Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly and Time Inc., 13 Jul. 2012. 10 Feb. 2014.
For all online scholarly journals, provide the author(s) name(s), the name of the article in quotation marks, the title of the publication in italics, all volume and issue numbers, and the year of publication. If the journal you are citing appears exclusively in an online format (i.e. there is no corresponding print publication) that does not make use of page numbers, use the abbreviation n. pag. to denote that there is no pagination for the publication.
Tosenberger, Catherine. “‘The epic love story of Sam and Deanʼ: Supernatural, Queer Readings and the Romance of Incestuous Fanfiction.” Transformative Works and Cultures, Vol 1 (2008) n. pag. 10 Feb. 2014.